China has revealed that it would be deploying the Long March 9 space vehicle for crewed missions, deep space exploits with robots, and space activities. Currently, Xu Hongliang, the chief of the China National Space Administration, stated that the enormous rocket is still in the research and development stage. However, it would be ready for test missions by the end of this decade. The secretary-general’s announcement at the Wenchang International Aerospace Forum held last month came after the deployment of the Chang’e-5 moon sample return mission at the Wenchang spaceport. This mission was successful because of the Long March 5 rocket that hosted the payload to the required destination. Compared to the Long March 5 space vehicle Long March 9 space vehicle will be longer, wider, and heavier than the Long March 5. Additionally, this rocket will have four side boosters and can retrieve 140 tons to the low-Earth orbit or 50 tons to the moon.
The Long March 9 space vehicle is China’s plans to deploy Chinese astronauts to lunar missions and activate deep space exploits. Nevertheless, the space vehicle’s definite role is still uncertain since the country is simulating the possibility of sending astronauts to the moon for scientific research, robotics to deep space to gather data, or the possibility of performing both missions sequentially. Other missions that might feature the Long March 9 rocket include the Mars sample return mission, which the country is still evaluating if the Long March 5 and 3B rockets can conduct this last mission. Additionally, experts think that the rocket might be for the deployment of space solar power station resources.
The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), a subsidiary of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. (CASC), will be generating the launcher before the test flights shape up the changes that will be made on it. Recent reports indicate that China has broken forth the challenge of thrust engines and can develop them to power the Long March 9 rocket operations. The launcher will have turbopumps, gas generators, thrust generators, and regulated pressure valves to ensure that it can take off efficiently without riveting back to Earth due to the gravitational pull. The Long March 9 rocket is not intended for reuse, but China is open to such activities if the engineers prove that it is still functioning efficiently five years after its test flights. In conclusion, China is keeping its reusability missions a secret until they discover that they are plausible.